INDEX

Here, we index many of the Key Terms that appear throughout the course of our Revision Guide. The Key Terms in the bullet-pointed list below anchor-link to the Key Term further down the page. We list the Key Term in BOLD CAPS, which links to the term’s definition in the Glossary, followed by hyperlinks to the Revision Strategy the term appears in.

To return to the bullet-pointed list at the top of the page click: Site Icon

In the Glossary, we define each of the following Key Terms. We define and unpack the terms that organize the categories of our Menu (Structure, Heirarchy, Argument, Evidence and Analysis, Key Terms, Orienting, Style, Tone, and Voice, and Clarity, Grammar, and Usage) in their introductions and, more briefly, in the introduction to the Revision Strategies Guide

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Does Each Topic Sentence State the Purpose of That Paragraph? Check Topic Sentences for Signaling

Is Your Prose Murky and Full of Jargon? Try This Writing Exercise: “What I Really Mean Is…”

Evidence and Analysis: Introduction

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

Argument: Introduction

Can’t Distill Your Argument? 20 Minute Free Write as a Clarification Tool

Do Your Paragraphs and Sections Build Toward an Argument? The Uneven U as a Tool to Check

Does Each Topic Sentence State the Purpose of That Paragraph? Check Topic Sentences for Signaling

Does My Writing Flow? Topic Position Check for Moving Smoothly from Sentence to Sentence

Disorganized First Draft? Color-coding as a Tool to Reorganize and Restructure

Evidence and Analysis: Introduction

Is Quoting Slowing You Down? Try Summarizing to be Strategically Efficient

Is This Sentence Adding Anything? Stress Position Check

Is Your First Draft Disorganized? Reverse Outlining as a Method to Discover Structure

Is Your Information Disconnected From Your Argument? Search for Free-Floating Info

Is Your Prose Murky and Full of Jargon? Try This Writing Exercise: “What I Really Mean Is…”

Key Terms: Introduction

Not Sure Whether You Should Paraphrase, Cite, or Block-quote? Assessing Evidence Length and Detail

Not Sure If Your Meaning Is Clear? Check Key Term Consistency

Orienting: Introduction

Relational Terms and Failures of Logical Reasoning: Positive and Negative Value Assignments

Revision Strategies

Sentences and Paragraphs out of Order? Reassembling as a Tool to Restructure

Trouble Balancing Evidence and Analysis? Color-coding to Find Your Evidence-to-Analysis Ratio

Where’s This Section Going? Signposting to Connect Claims

Which Counterarguments Should I Engage With? Determining Levels of Engagement for Counterarguments

Clarity, Grammar, and Usage: Introduction

Clarity Issues? Try this Pronoun and Pointing Term Review

Am I Including The Right Amount of Contextualizing Information? A Promote-Demote Exercise

Disorganized First Draft? Color-coding as a Tool to Reorganize and Restructure

Evidentiary Disconnect—Thinking Through the Vacuum

Having Trouble Evaluating Your Prose Style? Try Writing for the Ear

Is Your Information Disconnected From Your Argument? Search for Free-Floating Info

Is Your Prose Murky and Full of Jargon? Try This Writing Exercise: “What I Really Mean Is…”

Not Sure Whether You Should Paraphrase, Cite, or Block-quote? Assessing Evidence Length and Detail

Revision Strategies

Style, Tone, and Voice: Introduction

Argument: Introduction

Does Each Topic Sentence State the Purpose of That Paragraph? Check Topic Sentences for Signaling

Got an Elevator Pitch? Summary Writing at Different Scales

Not Sure Whether You Should Paraphrase, Cite, or Block-quote? Assessing Evidence Length and Detail

Am I Including The Right Amount of Contextualizing Information? A Promote-Demote Exercise

Are You Providing Too Much Context? 10-minute Free Write As a Tool for Summary

Clarity, Grammar, and Usage: Introduction

Clarity Issues? Try this Pronoun and Pointing Term Review

Do Your Paragraphs and Sections Build Toward an Argument? The Uneven U as a Tool to Check

Does Each Topic Sentence State the Purpose of That Paragraph? Check Topic Sentences for Signaling

Does Your Evidence Say What You Think It Does? Assessing Agreement Between Evidence and Analysis

Evidentiary Disconnect—Thinking Through the Vacuum

Key Terms: Introduction

Is Your Information Disconnected From Your Argument? Search for Free-Floating Info

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

Got an Elevator Pitch? Summary Writing at Different Scales

Not Sure Whether You Should Paraphrase, Cite, or Block-quote? Assessing Evidence Length and Detail

Orienting: Introduction

Overusing The Passive Voice? Fixing Fractured Logic and Clouded Purpose

Revision Strategies

Sounding Too Much Like an Author You Admire? Try This Exercise to Find Your Own Voice

Trouble Balancing Evidence and Analysis? Color-coding to Find Your Evidence-to-Analysis Ratio

What’s My Main Point? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Clarify Argument

Will My Reader Know What’s Important? Mapping and Signposting as Tools to Navigate Between Claims

Clarity, Grammar, and Usage: Introduction

Clarity Issues? Try this Pronoun and Pointing Term Review

Coining a New Term? Introducing It Clearly and Precisely

Is Your Prose Murky and Full of Jargon? Try This Writing Exercise: “What I Really Mean Is…”

Is This Sentence Adding Anything? Stress Position Check

Not Sure If Your Meaning Is Clear? Check Key Term Consistency

Overusing The Passive Voice? Fixing Fractured Logic and Clouded Purpose

Relational Terms and Failures of Logical Reasoning: Positive and Negative Value Assignments

Sounding Too Much Like an Author You Admire? Try This Exercise to Find Your Own Voice

Clarity Issues? Try this Pronoun and Pointing Term Review

Relational Terms and Failures of Logical Reasoning: Positive and Negative Value Assignments

Do Your Sentences All Sound the Same? Try Diversifying Sentence Structure and Length

Disorganized First Draft? Color-coding as a Tool to Reorganize and Restructure

How Much Do I Need to Explain? Finding Places to Condense and Expand

Trouble Balancing Evidence and Analysis? Color-coding to Find Your Evidence-to-Analysis Ratio

Do Your Sentences All Sound the Same? Try Diversifying Sentence Structure and Length

How Do I Proofread and Copyedit Efficiently? Reading in Reverse

Do Your Sentences All Sound the Same? Try Diversifying Sentence Structure and Length

Do Your Sentences All Sound the Same? Try Diversifying Sentence Structure and Length

Will My Reader Know What’s Important? Mapping and Signposting as Tools to Navigate Between Claims

Fractured Logic and Unconnected Claims: Argument as a Matter of Hierarchy

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

Overusing The Passive Voice? Fixing Fractured Logic and Clouded Purpose

Am I Including The Right Amount of Contextualizing Information? A Promote-Demote Exercise

Are You Providing Too Much Context? 10-minute Free Write As a Tool for Summary

Clarity, Grammar, and Usage: Introduction

Do Your Sentences All Sound the Same? Try Diversifying Sentence Structure and Length

Do You Over-rely on Negation?: Switch to Positive Claims for More Clarity

Evidentiary Disconnect—Thinking Through the Vacuum

Is Your Information Disconnected From Your Argument? Search for Free-Floating Info

Is Your Prose Murky and Full of Jargon? Try This Writing Exercise: “What I Really Mean Is…”

Key Term Inconsistency: Thinking Through the Vacuum

Orienting: Introduction

Revision Strategies

Am I Including The Right Amount of Contextualizing Information? A Promote-Demote Exercise

Are You Providing Too Much Context? 10-minute Free Write As a Tool for Summary

Will My Reader Know What’s Important? Mapping and Signposting as Tools to Navigate Between Claims

Unsure of Reader Objections to Your Work? Strengthen your Argument by Playing Devil’s Advocate

Which Counterarguments Should I Engage With? Determining Levels of Engagement for Counterarguments

DISCOURSE: Site Icon

Sounding Too Much Like an Author You Admire? Try This Exercise to Find Your Own Voice

Key Term Inconsistency: Thinking Through the Vacuum

Sounding Too Much Like an Author You Admire? Try This Exercise to Find Your Own Voice

Clarity Issues? Try this Pronoun and Pointing Term Review

Do Your Topic Sentences and Paragraphs Align? Thinking Through the Vacuum

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

Am I Including The Right Amount of Contextualizing Information? A Promote-Demote Exercise

Is Your Intro Out of Date?: Funneling to Align Your Intro with Your Argument

Not Sure If Your Meaning Is Clear? Check Key Term Consistency

Am I Including The Right Amount of Contextualizing Information? A Promote-Demote Exercise

Disorganized First Draft? Color-coding as a Tool to Reorganize and Restructure

Do Your Paragraphs and Sections Build Toward an Argument? The Uneven U as a Tool to Check

Does Each Topic Sentence State the Purpose of That Paragraph? Check Topic Sentences for Signaling

Evidence and Analysis: Introduction

Evidentiary Disconnect—Thinking Through the Vacuum

Not Sure Whether You Should Paraphrase, Cite, or Block-quote? Assessing Evidence Length and Detail

Orienting: Introduction

Overusing The Passive Voice? Fixing Fractured Logic and Clouded Purpose

Sentences and Paragraphs out of Order? Reassembling as a Tool to Restructure

Trouble Balancing Evidence and Analysis? Color-coding to Find Your Evidence-to-Analysis Ratio

Am I Using This Word Too Much? Identifying and Limiting Repetition

Is Your Prose Murky and Full of Jargon? Try This Writing Exercise: “What I Really Mean Is…”

Can’t Distill Your Argument? 20 Minute Free Write as a Clarification Tool

Are You Providing Too Much Context? 10-minute Free Write As a Tool for Summary

Is Your Intro Out of Date?: Funneling to Align Your Intro with Your Argument

Struggling With Tenses? Consider Their Purpose

What’s My Main Point? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Clarify Argument

Clarity Issues? Try this Pronoun and Pointing Term Review

Clarity Issues? Try this Pronoun and Pointing Term Review

Not Sure Whether You Should Paraphrase, Cite, or Block-quote? Assessing Evidence Length and Detail

Do Your Topic Sentences and Paragraphs Align? Thinking Through the Vacuum

Fractured Logic and Unconnected Claims: Argument as a Matter of Hierarchy

Hierarchy: Introduction

How Much Do I Need to Explain? Finding Places to Condense and Expand

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

Revision Strategies

What’s My Elevator Pitch? Summary Writing at Different Scales

What’s My Main Point? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Clarify Argument

Where’s This Section Going? Signposting to Connect Claims

Will My Reader Know What’s Important? Mapping and Signposting as Tools to Navigate Between Claims

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

Is Your Prose Murky and Full of Jargon? Try This Writing Exercise: “What I Really Mean Is…”

Not Happy Using Only Formal Tone? Try Using an Informal Tone Strategically

Can’t Distill Your Argument? 20 Minute Free Write as a Clarification Tool

Coining a New Term? Introducing It Clearly and Precisely

Don’t Know Your Key Terms? Try a Word Cloud

Is Your Prose Murky and Full of Jargon? Try This Writing Exercise: “What I Really Mean Is…”

Key Terms: Introduction

Key Term Inconsistency: Thinking Through the Vacuum

Not Sure If Your Meaning Is Clear? Check Key Term Consistency

Revision Strategies

Can’t Distill Your Argument? 20 Minute Free Write as a Clarification Tool

Overusing The Passive Voice? Fixing Fractured Logic and Clouded Purpose

Does Your Evidence Say What You Think It Does? Assessing Agreement Between Evidence and Analysis

Fractured Logic and Unconnected Claims: Argument as a Matter of Hierarchy

Is Your First Draft Disorganized? Reverse Outlining as a Method to Discover Structure

Sentences and Paragraphs out of Order? Reassembling as a Tool to Restructure

Where Are My Section Breaks? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Find Them

Where’s This Section Going? Signposting to Connect Claims

Does Your Evidence Say What You Think It Does? Assessing Agreement Between Evidence and Analysis

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

Will My Reader Know What’s Important? Mapping and Signposting as Tools to Navigate Between Claims

Which Counterarguments Should I Engage With? Determining Levels of Engagement for Counterarguments

Clarity Issues? Try this Pronoun and Pointing Term Review

Do Your Paragraphs and Sections Build Toward an Argument? The Uneven U as a Tool to Check

Do Your Topic Sentences and Paragraphs Align? Thinking Through the Vacuum

Fractured Logic and Unconnected Claims: Argument as a Matter of Hierarchy

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

Relational Terms and Failures of Logical Reasoning: Positive and Negative Value Assignments

Not Sure Whether You Should Paraphrase, Cite, or Block-quote? Assessing Evidence Length and Detail

Fractured Logic and Unconnected Claims: Argument as a Matter of Hierarchy

Not Sure Whether You Should Paraphrase, Cite, or Block-quote? Assessing Evidence Length and Detail

Struggling With Tenses? Consider Their Purpose

Unsure of Reader Objections to Your Work? Strengthen your Argument by Playing Devil’s Advocate

Can’t Remember What You’ve Written? Mirror Outlining as a Tool to Clarify Your Rough Draft

Fractured Logic and Unconnected Claims: Argument as a Matter of Hierarchy

Does My Writing Flow? Topic Position Check for Moving Smoothly from Sentence to Sentence

Do Your Topic Sentences and Paragraphs Align? Thinking Through the Vacuum

Fractured Logic and Unconnected Claims: Argument as a Matter of Hierarchy

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

Structure: Introduction

Am I Including The Right Amount of Contextualizing Information? A Promote-Demote Exercise

Are You Providing Too Much Context? 10-minute Free Write As a Tool for Summary

Orienting: Introduction

Is Your Information Disconnected From Your Argument? Search for Free-Floating Info

Revision Strategies

Where Are My Section Breaks? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Find Them

Is Your Information Disconnected From Your Argument? Search for Free-Floating Info

Do Your Topic Sentences and Paragraphs Align? Thinking Through the Vacuum

Does Each Topic Sentence State the Purpose of That Paragraph? Check Topic Sentences for Signaling

Fractured Logic and Unconnected Claims: Argument as a Matter of Hierarchy

Is Your Essay’s Structure Clear? Try This First and Last Sentence Exercise

Is Your First Draft Disorganized? Reverse Outlining as a Method to Discover Structure

Sentences and Paragraphs out of Order? Reassembling as a Tool to Restructure

What’s My Main Point? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Clarify Argument

Where Are My Section Breaks? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Find Them

Where’s This Section Going? Signposting to Connect Claims

Trouble Balancing Evidence and Analysis? Color-coding to Find Your Evidence-to-Analysis Ratio

Overusing The Passive Voice? Fixing Fractured Logic and Clouded Purpose

Struggling With Tenses? Consider Their Purpose

Struggling With Tenses? Consider Their Purpose

Struggling With Tenses? Consider Their Purpose

Clarity Issues? Try this Pronoun and Pointing Term Review

Evidentiary Disconnect—Thinking Through the Vacuum

Clarity Issues? Try this Pronoun and Pointing Term Review

Struggling With Tenses? Consider Their Purpose

Struggling With Tenses? Consider Their Purpose

Struggling With Tenses? Consider Their Purpose

Will My Reader Know What’s Important? Mapping and Signposting as Tools to Navigate Between Claims

Fractured Logic and Unconnected Claims: Argument as a Matter of Hierarchy

Clarity Issues? Try this Pronoun and Pointing Term Review

Am I Using This Word Too Much? Identifying and Limiting Repetition

Is Quoting Slowing You Down? Try Summarizing to be Strategically Efficient

READERLY BIAS: Site Icon

Evidentiary Disconnect—Thinking Through the Vacuum

Clarity Issues? Try this Pronoun and Pointing Term Review

Relational Terms and Failures of Logical Reasoning: Positive and Negative Value Assignments

Evidentiary Disconnect—Thinking Through the Vacuum

Can’t Remember What You’ve Written? Mirror Outlining as a Tool to Clarify Your Rough Draft

Can’t Distill Your Argument? 20 Minute Free Write as a Clarification Tool

Do Your Topic Sentences and Paragraphs Align? Thinking Through the Vacuum

Fractured Logic and Unconnected Claims: Argument as a Matter of Hierarchy

Is Your First Draft Disorganized? Reverse Outlining as a Method to Discover Structure.

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

What’s My Main Point? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Clarify Argument

Where Are My Section Breaks? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Find Them

Where’s This Section Going? Signposting to Connect Claims

Will My Reader Know What’s Important? Mapping and Signposting as Tools to Navigate Between Claims

Where’s This Section Going? Signposting to Connect Claims

Will My Reader Know What’s Important? Mapping and Signposting as Tools to Navigate Between Claims

Where Are My Section Breaks? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Find Them

What’s My Main Point? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Clarify Argument

How Do I Proofread and Copyedit Efficiently: Reading in Reverse

Does Each Topic Sentence State the Purpose of That Paragraph? Check Topic Sentences for Signaling

Does My Writing Flow? Topic Position Check for Moving Smoothly from Sentence to Sentence

Evidentiary Disconnect—Thinking Through the Vacuum

Key Term Inconsistency: Thinking Through the Vacuum

Revision Strategies

Relational Terms and Failures of Logical Reasoning: Positive and Negative Value Assignments

Where’s This Section Going? Signposting to Connect Claims

Revision Strategies

Where’s This Section Going? Signposting to Connect Claims

Will My Reader Know What’s Important? Mapping and Signposting as Tools to Navigate Between Claims

Do Your Sentences All Sound the Same? Try Diversifying Sentence Structure and Length

Struggling With Tenses? Consider Their Purpose

Evidentiary Disconnect—Thinking Through the Vacuum

Don’t Know Your Key Terms? Try a Word Cloud

Structure: Introduction

Fractured Logic and Unconnected Claims: Argument as a Matter of Hierarchy

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

Is This Sentence Adding Anything? Stress Position Check

Can’t Distill Your Argument? 20 Minute Free Write as a Clarification Tool

Can’t Remember What You’ve Written? Mirror Outlining as a Tool to Clarify Your Rough Draft

Do Your Paragraphs and Sections Build Toward an Argument? The Uneven U as a Tool to Check

Do Your Topic Sentences and Paragraphs Align? Thinking Through the Vacuum

Disorganized First Draft? Color-coding as a Tool to Reorganize and Restructure

Hierarchy: Introduction

Is Your Essay’s Structure Clear? Try This First and Last Sentence Exercise

Is Your First Draft Disorganized? Reverse Outlining as a Method to Discover Structure

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

Revision Strategies

Sentences and Paragraphs out of Order? Reassembling as a Tool to Restructure

Structure: Introduction

What’s My Main Point? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Clarify Argument

Where Are My Section Breaks? Reverse Outlining as a Tool to Find Them

Where’s This Section Going? Signposting to Connect Claims

Will My Reader Know What’s Important? Mapping and Signposting as Tools to Navigate Between Claims

Am I Using This Word Too Much? Identifying and Limiting Repetition

Does Your Writing Feel Unvaried? Principles for Mixing Things Up

Having Trouble Evaluating Your Prose Style? Try Writing for the Ear

Style, Tone, and Voice: Introduction

Am I Using This Word Too Much? Identifying and Limiting Repetition

Do Your Sentences All Sound the Same? Try Diversifying Sentence Structure and Length

Does Your Writing Feel Unvaried? Principles for Mixing Things Up

Having Trouble Evaluating Your Prose Style? Try Writing for the Ear

Is Your Prose Murky and Full of Jargon? Try This Writing Exercise: “What I Really Mean Is…”

Revision Strategies

Overusing The Passive Voice? Fixing Fractured Logic and Clouded Purpose

How Do I Proofread and Copyedit Efficiently? Reading in Reverse

Argument: Introduction

Hierarchy: Introduction

Revision Strategies

Will My Reader Know What’s Important? Mapping and Signposting as Tools to Navigate Between Claims

Will My Reader Know What’s Important? Mapping and Signposting as Tools to Navigate Between Claims

Lost Your Work’s Narrative? Reverse Outlining and Storyboarding as a Method of Reordering Your Work’s Structure

Argument: Introduction

Is Your First Draft Disorganized? Reverse Outlining as a Method to Discover Structure

Revision Strategies

Structure: Introduction

Am I Using This Word Too Much? Identifying and Limiting Repetition

Does Your Writing Feel Unvaried? Principles for Mixing Things Up

Style, Tone, and Voice: Introduction

Does My Writing Flow? Topic Position Check for Moving Smoothly from Sentence to Sentence

Is This Sentence Adding Anything? Stress Position Check

Do Your Topic Sentences and Paragraphs Align? Thinking Through the Vacuum

Does Each Topic Sentence State the Purpose of That Paragraph? Check Topic Sentences for Signaling

Is Your Essay’s Structure Clear? Try This First and Last Sentence Exercise

Is Your Intro Out of Date?: Funneling to Align Your Intro with Your Argument

Overusing The Passive Voice? Fixing Fractured Logic and Clouded Purpose

Sentences and Paragraphs out of Order? Reassembling as a Tool to Restructure

Struggling With Tenses? Consider Their Purpose

Where’s This Section Going? Signposting to Connect Claims

Do Your Topic Sentences and Paragraphs Align? Thinking Through the Vacuum

Disorganized First Draft? Color-coding as a Tool to Reorganize and Restructure

Am I Using This Word Too Much? Identifying and Limiting Repetition

Evidence and Analysis: Introduction

Do Your Paragraphs and Sections Build Toward an Argument? The Uneven U as a Tool to Check

Do Your Topic Sentences and Paragraphs Align? Thinking Through the Vacuum

Evidentiary Disconnect—Thinking Through the Vacuum

Key Term Inconsistency: Thinking Through the Vacuum

What Are You Not (Not) Saying? Defining Your Argument Positively Instead of Negatively

Does Your Writing Feel Unvaried? Principles for Mixing Things Up

Having Trouble Evaluating Your Prose Style? Try Writing for the Ear

Clarity, Grammar, and Usage: Introduction

Struggling With Tenses? Consider Their Purpose

Am I Using This Word Too Much? Identifying and Limiting Repetition

Having Trouble Evaluating Your Prose Style? Try Writing for the Ear

Sentences and Paragraphs out of Order? Reassembling as a Tool to Restructure

Sounding Too Much Like an Author You Admire? Try This Exercise to Find Your Own Voice

Style, Tone, and Voice: Introduction

Don’t Know Your Key Terms? Try a Word Cloud

What Are You Not (Not) Saying? Defining Your Argument Positively Instead of Negatively